The most traumatic event in Ngāti Awa history took place on the 17th of January 1866, the date the Crown confiscated all of Ngāti Awa’s land. The confiscation came on the back of Ngāti Awa’s defeat at Te Kupenga on the 20th of October 2015.

The confiscation of Ngāti Awa’s lands resulted in the alienation of Ngāti Awa from its land, its resources and from the political autonomy it had while in command of those resources and is an event the iwi is still recovering from today.